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Kitchen DESIGN GUIDE

Kitchens

Sections
Content

Table of Content

Getting Started
Layouts and Design Overview
Dimensions and Clearances
Ergonomics and Cabinet Accessories
Space and Storage Solutions
Appliances and Cooking Equipment
Summary and Key Points
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2
5
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6
4

Kitchen Design Steps

Duration
1

Start making an Idea book and collect everything you do don't like. This is the time you make your wish list. It will be very handy when it is time to communicate your ideas with a professional. Develop a scope of work and decide what needs to be done. Plumbing, electrical and construction modifications are examples of what is included.

Brainstorm, Research and Plan

Schematic Design and Professionals

It's a good idea to have an experienced professional start making sketches of preliminary designs where you decide on :

  1. Appliances and their placement

  2. Storage space and cabinets' types

  3. Working areas and work flow design

2

Fixtures, Finish specs. and Design development

Now you can get started with the looks and style. It's tempting to do this earlier, but it distracts the functionality design stage. Choose your doors, colors, lighting and decorations. Take the time to focus on minor details. It is better to settle now on items placement like towels, bins, cookware, coffee machine, etc. Live your kitchen before you proceed to the next phase.

3

Documentation

You are almost done here. Construction documents are a must to get everything clear and settled on. All details like dimensions, appliances, cabinets, accessories, etc. are included in the agreement document. It is also a good idea to know the exact dates in order to plan for any logistics, especially if you have other contractors for counter top, plumbing and electrical fixtures. 

4

 Unpleasant List 

There is always something missing so don't get stressed out. Make a list prior installation and get them tackled with a good schedule.

Layouts and Workflow

Design Overview

The wall design is typical for small homes. The main challenge will be finding an adequate work area for food preparation. Compact appliances are mandatory to save counter space and give room for cabinet storage. An island across will give it a extra dimension. It has become a client request for open kitchens with a built in cabinetry. 

Wall

The U Shape design will give you the best workflow and maximum storage space. Things can get tight a little, especially in smaller kitchens. This design can turn out to be a kitchen's heaven or a total disaster, so design and plan with cautious.

U Shape

The L Shape design has it all. It looks neat and makes use of space efficiency. With two adjacent, perpendicular walls, the sink and stove can be finely separated. Just watch out for the corner cabinet, because it's an easily wasted space. Separate stations are meant to be placed here.

L Shape

Exclusive for large kitchens, the Island serves multiple cooks and is always a great working area. You don't have to face the wall anymore; you can have a good social place.

Island

Work Space

Design
Working Triangle
Work Zones

The hot area, sink and refrigerator are the three points on which the efficiency of the workflow is assessed. The key points of the triangle are :

  1. All sides range in length between 1.2 to 2.7m

  2. Their sum should be between 4m and 8m

  3. Obstacles shouldn't intersect more than 30cm

With the wide range of layouts and kitchen spaces, this model focuses on working areas as separate zones and brings all complement utilities together.

A good example is a preparation area. a small sink, dishwasher, and a bin are all brought together in one station. Some drawers and storage space are also added.

Kitchens are meant to live. Kitchen remodeling isn't always an option. Maintaining cleanliness is essential for hygiene. Do not underestimate.

The first and last goal of a kitchen is making meals, so functionality comes in first priority. People spend long hours doing hard work. Make it easy on yourself.

People get caught up on storage. There is never enough space so think wisely. Have a list of the essentials and you will have to compromise at some point.

This always takes the spotlights. It certainly sets the mood and allow you to bond with your kitchen. Smart choices will satisfy you for many years to come.

Functionality
Maintenance
Storage
Looks

Design Rules

Dimensions and Clearances
Minimum Clearances for Appliances
Clearances
Description
Measurement

Clear counter area on both sides

Clear counter area on both sides

Area shared by and cook if put side by side

   Sink

b    Cook top

c    Combined space

Minimum hood height above the cook top

Minimum clearance for wall cabinets above sink

Clearance between fridge and stove for ventilation

Free space on both sides of a dishwasher

   Hood height

e    Over sink cabinets

   Fridge space

g    Dishwasher

40 cm

40 cm

60 cm

80 cm

75 cm

30 cm

50 cm

More Rules

Pathways should not be less than 110 cm.

A clear counter area of 30 cm should be next to the handle side of the fridge or not more than 120 cm across from it.

  • Door height range from 40 cm to 110 cm

  • Highest point is at 225 cm from floor

  • Minimum clearance above counter top is 40 cm.

  • Average clearance is 65 cm and can range up to 80 cm.

  • Cabinets height is 90 cm from floor and their depth range from 40 cm to 60 cm.

  • Counter tops are a little wider than the cabinets for spill clearance. They range from 67 cm to 75 cm for sinks and cook tops.

Upper Cabinets
Cabinets Clearance
Lower Cabinets

Cabinets

Dimensions

Sources Citation

Appliances doors such as the oven and the fridge should not interfere with one another.

Doors should not affect the safe operation of the appliances.

Appliances are placed with consideration to pathways and counter top corners.

Interference Checklist

Ergonomics

Cabinets and Accessories

The best storage zone is from 40 cm above floor to 160 cm. This area is where you can reach out with easy effort and without any strain. This will include most of the full tall cabinet and the first two drawers.

This counts for the second best zone and will be the main storage area of the kitchen. With some stretching and bending, it will be hard to make use of all the space without sliding accessories such as shelves and baskets.

Storage area more than 220 cm above the floor do not count as kitchen's central storage. This area is used less frequently, but it is sometimes a must to have with so little storage space around the house.

Main Storage
Miscellaneous
Best Usage Area

Cabinets' storage accessories will double your storage area, make your job easier and give you a fancy kitchen. Just don't over do it and keep it simple.

Whether above counter top or inside cabinets, they have a major role for easy cooking.

They are placed under the sink and  cook top or used for onions and potatoes. They are certainly an added amenity.

If they are placed in an open corner cabinet, they will count for a major storage area in your kitchen.

Hangers
Sliding Baskets
Swivel Baskets
Storage Accessories

More about Storage Accessories here !

Cabinets
Rated
Cabinet Type
Notes
Storage
Reach
Maintenance

Drawers range from 40 cm to 70 cm

Double space lower cabinet

Use  sliding shelves for better reach.

80

95

60

A sliding accessory will give more storage.

Single space lower cabinet

95

60

30

Tall cabinet

Make sure to use boxes for organization.

90

99

99

Open corner cabinet

A swivel accessory will make a good team.

90

75

70

Make single layer storage and use dividers.

Double space upper cabinet

Long corner cabinet

Do not store big and heavy items.

Try not to waste the space.

90

90

80

80

95

50

70

30

30

Planning an ergonomic kitchen is a hard job to fetch. It is a highly customized process but it surely pays off.

Systems and Solutions

Kitchen Storage

Storage Solutions
Lower Cabinet (35%)

Main storage for cooking equipment, pottery, pots and pans, etc.

Upper Cabinets (30%)

Used for smaller items such as cups and glass ware. They are easier to reach and need good organization.

Drawer dividers are mandatory for storing cooking and serving utensils

Drawers (15%)

Food and Beverage closet

Extra items that need to be stored

Pantry (10%) & Other (10%)

The same space for different storage solutions do not account for the same storage area. A Storage Frontage calculation system is developed to measure the actual reachable area.

Cabinet length x depth x no. of shelves x n      

; n = reach factor

Storage Measurement
Formula

9 meters 2

Small Kitchens

12 meters 2

Medium Kitchens

30 meters 2

Large Kitchens

Storage

             Calculations

Lc
Uc
Dr
P
Lc
Uc
Dr
P
Kitchen Areas / Storage Solutions

1.       Have a list of all your essential kitchen items.

2.       Sort based on weight and volume and assign a category.

           i.e. upper cabinets or drawers etc.

3.       Group items according to work zones.

4.       Assign places for items and modify the solutions as you go on.

Process Steps

Trollies are addictive. Plan for its space, and it is an extra hand in the kitchen.

Stations

These cabinets are a life savior. Collect all small everyday items in one perfect cabinet.

Coffee stations become room center pieces. They keep things neat and organized.

Trolleys
Side cabinet
Coffee cabinet

Kitchen Items

Appliances & Cooking Equipment

80 cm

Counter top

Daily

3 Kg

Toaster
Microwave
Toaster
Griddle

80 cm

Counter top

Daily

6 Kg

40 cm

Lower Cabinet

Daily

1.5 Kg

60 cm

Lower cabinet

Frequently

2 Kg

50 cm

Counter top

Daily

3 Kg

Coffee Maker
Citrus Juicer
Kettle
Blender

40 cm

Upper cabinet

Frequently

1.5Kg

40 cm

Counter top

Daily

1.5 Kg

80 cm

Lower cabinet

Frequently

2Kg

60 cm

Lower cabinet

Frequently

3 Kg

Steamer
Juicer
Hand Mixer
Food Processor

50 cm

Upper cabinet

Frequently

1.5 Kg

50 cm

Upper cabinet

Frequently

1.5 Kg

150 cm

Lower cabinet

Daily

3 Kg

Cooking 

             Equipment

Cooking knives

Eating utensils

Spatula, Whisks, tongs, peeler, scissor

Towels, Tissue,

Spice rack

Top Drawer

Cutter, zester, oil brush, sharpener, ice cream scoop

3rd Drawer
2nd Drawer
Bottom Drawer

Extras

Hanger
Pots & Pans
Cooking Utensils
  • 12" non stick skillet

  • 12" stainless steel skillet

  • 7/4/2 quart stock pots

  • Dutch Oven

  • 12" Cast iron skillet

  • Wok

  • Grill pan

  • Straight sided saute pan

  • Round cake pan

  • Turner

  • Spaghetti fork

  • Meat fork

  • Rolling Pin

  • Ladle

  • Grater

  • Slotted spoon

  • Garlic press

  • Meat tenderlizer

  • Potato masher

Summary & Key Points

  • Plan your Kitchen from the start. Get a workbook and write all thoughts, ideas, and calculations on paper.
  • Prepare a checklist of procedures and a time plan.
  • Go over the rules as final checks before you leave the design stage.
  • Plan for your kitchen organization. You must have lists of equipment, utensils, etc.
  • Dedicate places for items storage. You do not want any surprises when the real time comes. You need to stick to the plan.
  • Do not forget about Ergonomics.
  • Please consult a Professional.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Mixing bowls

  • Colander

  • Fine strainer

  • Cutting boards

  • Prep. glass bowls

  • Scale

  • Mortar

Large Utensils
 

a

g

e

c

d

b

f

7
Days
7
Days
4
Days
3
Days
180
110
90
50
360
200
150
70
700
400
250
150

You can find out more about Kitchen Ergonomics in our blog right here !

Check out the 5 tips for Small Kitchens

More about Kitchen Cabinets here !

Look up our Procedures Checklist blog !

It is highly recommended to read about Kitchen Organization right here !

4 Factors that will affect Kitchen Maintenance !